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detect a physical event then translate to a representative analog signal.

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Showing results 2176 - 2190 of 2197 products found.

  • Industry 4.0

    Micrologic

    The original Industrial Revolution, which began around 1760 which is also called Industry 1.0 was based on the division of labor and driven by steam/hydro power. Industry 2.0 was based on electric power, which was a major innovation. We are now at the edge of Industry 3.0 which has been primarily driven by Information and communication technologies (ICT) enabling both manufacturing and service sectors.The intelligent sensors of today, RFID, such ‘Cyber-Physical’ systems and the internet of things (IoT) are transforming the manufacturing sector across the entire supply chains. A key component of such changes is decentralized control: Intelligent components operate in each stage of the system through which a part, order or information moves. In this type of process, communication occurs at each step to determine what value/ information/ decision to add/ process/ implement. Decentralized control makes it easier to add/ process/ implement as needed, making it smoother to meet the increasing customer demands. Slowly but surely, we are gradually moving to Industry 4.0.Industry 4.0 is driven by smart technologies coupled with the internet of things/ services. It offers a seamless integration of various technologies such as cloud, big data, robotics, virtualization, smart devices, additive manufacturing (for example, 3D printing), and so on. It enables to connect machines, devices, and people at anytime, anywhere and at any place.

  • Solar Tracking and Pyranometers

    Sutron Corporation

    The demand for energy increased rapidly over the past few decades and the trend is not expected to stop in the near future. These made researchers focus on renewable energy sources due to the environmental pollution caused by the existing conventional energy sources. Solar energy is one of the renewable energy that has been under deep research. Unfortunately, the main problem with this solar energy is lack of efficiency. Different positions of the sun throughout the day causing the static photovoltaic modules position inefficient. This paper discusses design of two-axis solar tracking system that considers multiple input parameters such as solar radiation and photovoltaic module output power for more efficient solar tracking algorithm. Some of solar tracking system conducted by other researchers uses various types of sensors including light dependent resistor (LDR) which is not efficient and can be easily affected by external environmental factors. Instead, this paper proposes the usage of pyranometer for measuring solar radiation as one of the input parameters. The solar tracking system controlled by PIC microcontroller that collects multiple input parameters and uses developed algorithm to control stepper motor movement for optimal photovoltaic module positioning. Solar Tracking System Utilizing Pyranometer for Optimal Photovoltaic Module Positioning (PDF Download Available). Available from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/258106747_Solar_Tracking_System_Utilizing_Pyranometer_for_Optimal_Photovoltaic_Module_Positioning [accessed Dec 2, 2015].

  • USI STM32 Nucleo expansion board for LoRa

    I-NUCLEO-LRWAN1 - STMicroelectronics

    USI in partnership with STMicroelectronics developed the LoRa expansion board for STM32 Nucleo (I-NUCLEO-LRWAN1). This board is an integrated solution allowing anyone to learn and develop solutions using LoRa and/or FSK/OOK technologies. The I-NUCLEO-LRWAN1 features the USI LoRaWAN technology module, addressing low-cost and low-power wide area network (LPWAN) which comes with embedded AT-commands stack pre-loaded. The I-NUCLEO-LRWAN1 can be controlled from an external host such as NUCLEO-L053 boards, running the embedded software I-CUBE-LRWAN. This software provides the means to set up a complete LoRaWAN node. The I-NUCLEO-LRWAN1 is LoRaWAN class A certified and sustains the class C. The I-NUCLEO-LRWAN1 includes the USI LoRaWAN module, Arduino connectors, a SMA connector, a 50 antenna and three ST environmental sensors. For more details about all the components of the LoRa-Middleware library, refer to the STM32 LoRa software expansion for STM32Cube user manual (UM2073). The I-NUCLEO-LRWAN1 is supplied by a third party not affiliated to ST. For complete and latest information, refer to the third party website http://www.usish.com/english/.

  • Wafer-Level 1/f Noise Characterization System

    9812DX - ProPlus Design Solutions Inc.

    9812DX provides a true 10 megahertz (MHz) bandwidth for accurate on-wafer noise measurement and user can also measure very low-frequency noises starting at 0.03Hz. 9812DX has the lowest system resolution for on-wafer measurement at 1×10-27A2/Hz, a 10X+ improvement over 9812D. It enables noise measurement of extreme low DC current at 0.1nA, a requirement for advanced designs that need to bias devices at weak inversion conditions, dark current noise of photodiodes or image sensors for many consumer, communication, automotive and industrial applications. Additionally, it handles high-voltage device operations up to 200V and a wider range of measurement conditions and device types. Those include bulk MOSFET, FinFET, FD-SOI, bipolar junction transistors (BJTs) and junction field effect transistors (JFETs) and various diodes, such as photo, laser and Zener diodes, wide range of resistors (10 to 10M ohm), including voltage-controlled resistors, and integrated circuits (ICs). 9812DX is the only system on the market that supports a complete range of impedance for both high and low impedance devices and works with the most advanced technology nodes, from 16-nanometer (nm) and 14nm to 10nm and 7nm technology development.

  • PXI Strain Gauge Simulator Module 4-Channel, 1.5k

    40-265-404 - Pickering Interfaces Ltd.

    The 40-265 range consists of 6, 4 or 2 channel modules (this version is the 4-channel, 1.5k) that simulate the operation of a range of strain gauges making it ideal for testing strain gauge meters and a wide variety of industrial control systems. The range provides a simple way of replacing in house developed sensors with a low cost simulator having excellent performance. The 40-265 uses the same resistor bridge techniques that real life strain gauges are based on, ensuring accurate emulation under all conditions. Each simulator channel includes an independent input for the Excitation Voltage and a bridge output. The Excitation Voltage port can be driven by an AC or a DC source. The bridge circuit includes three fixed resistors and a fourth programmable resistor that can be adjusted over a narrow resistance range with fine adjustment capability and excellent accuracy. The adjustment range provided is sufficient to simulate quarter, half or full bridge circuits. The standard bridge impedances are 350, 1k, 1.5k, 2k and 3k. These modules are extremely simple to use, the variable resistor element can be programmed using a simple resistance call. The module supplies the user with the resistance value required to balance the bridge, and the resistance call to the simulator can be varied above and below this value to simulate extension and compression of the strain gauge resistor.

  • PXI Strain Gauge Simulator Module 2-Channel, 2K

    40-265-302 - Pickering Interfaces Ltd.

    The 40-265 range consists of 6, 4 or 2 channel modules (this version is the 2-channel, 2k) that simulate the operation of a range of strain gauges making it ideal for testing strain gauge meters and a wide variety of industrial control systems. The range provides a simple way of replacing in house developed sensors with a low cost simulator having excellent performance. The 40-265 uses the same resistor bridge techniques that real life strain gauges are based on, ensuring accurate emulation under all conditions. Each simulator channel includes an independent input for the Excitation Voltage and a bridge output. The Excitation Voltage port can be driven by an AC or a DC source. The bridge circuit includes three fixed resistors and a fourth programmable resistor that can be adjusted over a narrow resistance range with fine adjustment capability and excellent accuracy. The adjustment range provided is sufficient to simulate quarter, half or full bridge circuits. The standard bridge impedances are 350, 1k, 1.5k, 2k and 3k. These modules are extremely simple to use, the variable resistor element can be programmed using a simple resistance call. The module supplies the user with the resistance value required to balance the bridge, and the resistance call to the simulator can be varied above and below this value to simulate extension and compression of the strain gauge resistor.

  • PXI Strain Gauge Simulator Module 6-Channel, 3k

    40-265-106 - Pickering Interfaces Ltd.

    The 40-265 range consists of 6, 4 or 2 channel modules (this version is the 6-channel, 3k) that simulate the operation of a range of strain gauges making it ideal for testing strain gauge meters and a wide variety of industrial control systems. The range provides a simple way of replacing in house developed sensors with a low cost simulator having excellent performance. The 40-265 uses the same resistor bridge techniques that real life strain gauges are based on, ensuring accurate emulation under all conditions. Each simulator channel includes an independent input for the Excitation Voltage and a bridge output. The Excitation Voltage port can be driven by an AC or a DC source. The bridge circuit includes three fixed resistors and a fourth programmable resistor that can be adjusted over a narrow resistance range with fine adjustment capability and excellent accuracy. The adjustment range provided is sufficient to simulate quarter, half or full bridge circuits. The standard bridge impedances are 350, 1k, 1.5k, 2k and 3k. These modules are extremely simple to use, the variable resistor element can be programmed using a simple resistance call. The module supplies the user with the resistance value required to balance the bridge, and the resistance call to the simulator can be varied above and below this value to simulate extension and compression of the strain gauge resistor.

  • PXI Strain Gauge Simulator Module 2-Channel, 3k

    40-265-102 - Pickering Interfaces Ltd.

    The 40-265 range consists of 6, 4 or 2 channel modules (this version is the 2-channel, 3k) that simulate the operation of a range of strain gauges making it ideal for testing strain gauge meters and a wide variety of industrial control systems. The range provides a simple way of replacing in house developed sensors with a low cost simulator having excellent performance. The 40-265 uses the same resistor bridge techniques that real life strain gauges are based on, ensuring accurate emulation under all conditions. Each simulator channel includes an independent input for the Excitation Voltage and a bridge output. The Excitation Voltage port can be driven by an AC or a DC source. The bridge circuit includes three fixed resistors and a fourth programmable resistor that can be adjusted over a narrow resistance range with fine adjustment capability and excellent accuracy. The adjustment range provided is sufficient to simulate quarter, half or full bridge circuits. The standard bridge impedances are 350, 1k, 1.5k, 2k and 3k. These modules are extremely simple to use, the variable resistor element can be programmed using a simple resistance call. The module supplies the user with the resistance value required to balance the bridge, and the resistance call to the simulator can be varied above and below this value to simulate extension and compression of the strain gauge resistor.

  • PXI Strain Gauge Simulator Module 6-Channel, 1k

    40-265-206 - Pickering Interfaces Ltd.

    The 40-265 range consists of 6, 4 or 2 channel modules (this version is the 6-channel, 1k) that simulate the operation of a range of strain gauges making it ideal for testing strain gauge meters and a wide variety of industrial control systems. The range provides a simple way of replacing in house developed sensors with a low cost simulator having excellent performance. The 40-265 uses the same resistor bridge techniques that real life strain gauges are based on, ensuring accurate emulation under all conditions. Each simulator channel includes an independent input for the Excitation Voltage and a bridge output. The Excitation Voltage port can be driven by an AC or a DC source. The bridge circuit includes three fixed resistors and a fourth programmable resistor that can be adjusted over a narrow resistance range with fine adjustment capability and excellent accuracy. The adjustment range provided is sufficient to simulate quarter, half or full bridge circuits. The standard bridge impedances are 350, 1k, 1.5k, 2k and 3k. These modules are extremely simple to use, the variable resistor element can be programmed using a simple resistance call. The module supplies the user with the resistance value required to balance the bridge, and the resistance call to the simulator can be varied above and below this value to simulate extension and compression of the strain gauge resistor.

  • PXI Strain Gauge Simulator Module 6-Channel, 2k

    40-265-306 - Pickering Interfaces Ltd.

    The 40-265 range consists of 6, 4 or 2 channel modules (this version is the 6-channel, 2k) that simulate the operation of a range of strain gauges making it ideal for testing strain gauge meters and a wide variety of industrial control systems. The range provides a simple way of replacing in house developed sensors with a low cost simulator having excellent performance. The 40-265 uses the same resistor bridge techniques that real life strain gauges are based on, ensuring accurate emulation under all conditions. Each simulator channel includes an independent input for the Excitation Voltage and a bridge output. The Excitation Voltage port can be driven by an AC or a DC source. The bridge circuit includes three fixed resistors and a fourth programmable resistor that can be adjusted over a narrow resistance range with fine adjustment capability and excellent accuracy. The adjustment range provided is sufficient to simulate quarter, half or full bridge circuits. The standard bridge impedances are 350, 1k, 1.5k, 2k and 3k. These modules are extremely simple to use, the variable resistor element can be programmed using a simple resistance call. The module supplies the user with the resistance value required to balance the bridge, and the resistance call to the simulator can be varied above and below this value to simulate extension and compression of the strain gauge resistor.

  • PXI Strain Gauge Simulator Module 4-Channel, 2k

    40-265-304 - Pickering Interfaces Ltd.

    The 40-265 range consists of 6, 4 or 2 channel modules (this version is the 4-channel, 2k) that simulate the operation of a range of strain gauges making it ideal for testing strain gauge meters and a wide variety of industrial control systems. The range provides a simple way of replacing in house developed sensors with a low cost simulator having excellent performance. The 40-265 uses the same resistor bridge techniques that real life strain gauges are based on, ensuring accurate emulation under all conditions. Each simulator channel includes an independent input for the Excitation Voltage and a bridge output. The Excitation Voltage port can be driven by an AC or a DC source. The bridge circuit includes three fixed resistors and a fourth programmable resistor that can be adjusted over a narrow resistance range with fine adjustment capability and excellent accuracy. The adjustment range provided is sufficient to simulate quarter, half or full bridge circuits. The standard bridge impedances are 350, 1k, 1.5k, 2k and 3k. These modules are extremely simple to use, the variable resistor element can be programmed using a simple resistance call. The module supplies the user with the resistance value required to balance the bridge, and the resistance call to the simulator can be varied above and below this value to simulate extension and compression of the strain gauge resistor.

  • PXI Strain Gauge Simulator Module 4-Channel, 1k

    40-265-204 - Pickering Interfaces Ltd.

    The 40-265 range consists of 6, 4 or 2 channel modules (this version is the 2-channel, 350) that simulate the operation of a range of strain gauges making it ideal for testing strain gauge meters and a wide variety of industrial control systems. The range provides a simple way of replacing in house developed sensors with a low cost simulator having excellent performance. The 40-265 uses the same resistor bridge techniques that real life strain gauges are based on, ensuring accurate emulation under all conditions. Each simulator channel includes an independent input for the Excitation Voltage and a bridge output. The Excitation Voltage port can be driven by an AC or a DC source. The bridge circuit includes three fixed resistors and a fourth programmable resistor that can be adjusted over a narrow resistance range with fine adjustment capability and excellent accuracy. The adjustment range provided is sufficient to simulate quarter, half or full bridge circuits. The standard bridge impedances are 350, 1k, 1.5k, 2k and 3k. These modules are extremely simple to use, the variable resistor element can be programmed using a simple resistance call. The module supplies the user with the resistance value required to balance the bridge, and the resistance call to the simulator can be varied above and below this value to simulate extension and compression of the strain gauge resistor.

  • PXI Strain Gauge Simulator Module 6-Channel, 1.5k

    40-265-406 - Pickering Interfaces Ltd.

    The 40-265 range consists of 6, 4 or 2 channel modules (this version is the 6-channel, 1.5k) that simulate the operation of a range of strain gauges making it ideal for testing strain gauge meters and a wide variety of industrial control systems. The range provides a simple way of replacing in house developed sensors with a low cost simulator having excellent performance. The 40-265 uses the same resistor bridge techniques that real life strain gauges are based on, ensuring accurate emulation under all conditions. Each simulator channel includes an independent input for the Excitation Voltage and a bridge output. The Excitation Voltage port can be driven by an AC or a DC source. The bridge circuit includes three fixed resistors and a fourth programmable resistor that can be adjusted over a narrow resistance range with fine adjustment capability and excellent accuracy. The adjustment range provided is sufficient to simulate quarter, half or full bridge circuits. The standard bridge impedances are 350, 1k, 1.5k, 2k and 3k. These modules are extremely simple to use, the variable resistor element can be programmed using a simple resistance call. The module supplies the user with the resistance value required to balance the bridge, and the resistance call to the simulator can be varied above and below this value to simulate extension and compression of the strain gauge resistor.

  • PXI Strain Gauge Simulator Module 6-Channel, 350

    40-265-016 - Pickering Interfaces Ltd.

    The 40-265 range consists of 6, 4 or 2 channel modules (this version is the 6-channel, 350) that simulate the operation of a range of strain gauges making it ideal for testing strain gauge meters and a wide variety of industrial control systems. The range provides a simple way of replacing in house developed sensors with a low cost simulator having excellent performance. The 40-265 uses the same resistor bridge techniques that real life strain gauges are based on, ensuring accurate emulation under all conditions. Each simulator channel includes an independent input for the Excitation Voltage and a bridge output. The Excitation Voltage port can be driven by an AC or a DC source. The bridge circuit includes three fixed resistors and a fourth programmable resistor that can be adjusted over a narrow resistance range with fine adjustment capability and excellent accuracy. The adjustment range provided is sufficient to simulate quarter, half or full bridge circuits. The standard bridge impedances are 350, 1k, 1.5k, 2k and 3k. These modules are extremely simple to use, the variable resistor element can be programmed using a simple resistance call. The module supplies the user with the resistance value required to balance the bridge, and the resistance call to the simulator can be varied above and below this value to simulate extension and compression of the strain gauge resistor.

  • PXI Strain Gauge Simulator Module 4-Channel, 3k

    40-265-104 - Pickering Interfaces Ltd.

    The 40-265 range consists of 6, 4 or 2 channel modules (this version is the 4-channel, 3k) that simulate the operation of a range of strain gauges making it ideal for testing strain gauge meters and a wide variety of industrial control systems. The range provides a simple way of replacing in house developed sensors with a low cost simulator having excellent performance. The 40-265 uses the same resistor bridge techniques that real life strain gauges are based on, ensuring accurate emulation under all conditions. Each simulator channel includes an independent input for the Excitation Voltage and a bridge output. The Excitation Voltage port can be driven by an AC or a DC source. The bridge circuit includes three fixed resistors and a fourth programmable resistor that can be adjusted over a narrow resistance range with fine adjustment capability and excellent accuracy. The adjustment range provided is sufficient to simulate quarter, half or full bridge circuits. The standard bridge impedances are 350, 1k, 1.5k, 2k and 3k. These modules are extremely simple to use, the variable resistor element can be programmed using a simple resistance call. The module supplies the user with the resistance value required to balance the bridge, and the resistance call to the simulator can be varied above and below this value to simulate extension and compression of the strain gauge resistor.